Category Archives: Emacs

Fix Underline + Color in TMUX (TERM=screen-256color)

When using TMUX normally the TERM environment variable is set to screen-256 color. Under OS X at least the terminfo for this terminal disables color and underline used together. The result is that programs such as emacs will display color but not underline text.

I found the following quick fix for this from Chris Johnsen.

$({ infocmp -x screen-256color;
    printf '\t%s\n' 'ncv@,'; } > /tmp/t && tic -x /tmp/t)

Emacs true color (24-bit) in terminal support.

Over the last year or so (2013+) there’s been a few terminal applications that have begun to support 24-bit or true color mode. One terminal that supports true color is iTerm2 (the development version). The application I most wanted to take advantage of this was emacs where I use colorized themes (solarized, zenburn, etc). So I started googling around to find if this was supported and located a diff, unfortunately it did’t work. I started with this as a base and got things working.

Here’s the result:

In order to use this you must set one of two environment variables. For now the best option is to set KONSOLE_DBUS_SESSION=1 (I guess if you are using konsole this is already set for you). It uses the currently more implemented CSI sequence (supported by konsole, iterm, xterm, etc). To use the officially sanctioned way, you should set ITERM_24BIT=1. This latter mode uses colon’s instead of semi-colons in the CSI sequence which is more compatible with terminals that do not support the codes. This latter mode is defined in ITU T.416.

Happy Colorful Hacking.

Screenshot of emacs running over ssh in iTerm2 with full color pallet.

Automatically Fixing Python flake8 and pylint Errors in Emacs

Having recently installed elpy in my emacs environment and enabled flake8, I was presented with many warnings an errors based on style. At first I just starting disabling them all to avoid the noise and hassle of fixing them. Then I got the idea that it shouldn’t be that hard to create a fixer system to automatically fix at least the most simple stylistic errors. This idea was inspired in part by the automatic fix-up stuff I found while checking out Pycharm.

To create this system I started out with elisp only, and then in an attempt to learn how to use pymacs incorprated that. In this post I’m going to focus on the elisp version.

By checking out the code to display the error on the current line from flymake I derived a pair of functions and an associative array to invoke functions given a certain error found. Then I wrote fixer functions and added them to the array. I also I bind “C-cC-\” to pyfixer:fix-current-line.

Here’s the code with a single fixer function defined. Eventually I plan on hosting this on github so that people may contribute fixers.

(defun pyfixer:add-blank-line (errno errinfo)
  "Add blank line above current line"

(setq pyfixer:flymake-fixers
        ("E301" . pyfixer:add-blank-line)
        ("E302" . pyfixer:add-blank-line)

(defun pyfixer:fix-error (errdata)
  "Fix the given errdata"
  (if errdata
      (let (errno fixer)
        ;; Handle flake8 or pylint messages
        (if (string-match "\\(^\\([EW][0-9]+\\) \\|\\[\\([EW][0-9]+\\)\\(-.*\\)\\?*\\]\\).*" errdata)
              (if (not (setq errno (match-string 2 errdata)))
                  (setq errno (match-string 3 errdata)))
              (setq fixer (cdr (assoc errno pyfixer:flymake-fixers)))
              ;; If we don't have and elisp fixer check pymacs fixers
              (if (and (not fixer) (functionp 'pyfixers-get-fixer-func))
                  (setq fixer (pyfixers-get-fixer-func errno)))
              (if fixer
                    (funcall fixer errno errdata)
                (message "No pyfixer function for: %s" errno)))))))

(defun pyfixer:fix-current-line ()
  "Display a fix for the current line"
  (let* ((line-no             (flymake-current-line-no))
         (line-err-info-list  (nth 0 (flymake-find-err-info flymake-err-info line-no)))
         (menu-data           (flymake-make-err-menu-data line-no line-err-info-list))
         (errlist (caadr menu-data)))
    (message "Errlist: %s" errlist)
    (mapcar 'pyfixer:fix-error errlist)))

(global-set-key "\C-c\C-\\" 'pyfixer:fix-current-line)

Now this fixer function is quite simple and doesn’t deal with some cases. For example if a comment immediately precedes the function definition it is not counted as a blank line, but the extra line will be between it and the function definition. To fix this we backup to the first non-comment line before adding any newlines. Additionally, let’s parse the error message to determine exactly how many newlines we need to add. Here’s the revised fixer function:

(defun line-no-commentp ()
    (let* ((start (line-beginning-position))
           (end (line-end-position))
           (line (buffer-substring-no-properties start end)))
      (not (string-match "[:space:]*#.*" line)))))

(defun pyfixer:add-blank-line (errno errinfo)
  "Add blank line above current line"
    (let ((lines 0))
      (if (string-match "expected \\([0-9]+\\) blank lines?, found \\([0-9]+\\)" errinfo)
          (setq lines (- (string-to-number (match-string 1 errinfo))
                         (string-to-number (match-string 2 errinfo)))))
      (while (not (line-no-commentp))
      (newline lines))))

A Pymacs Code Example

This is a simple example of using pymacs to fix a flake8 warning. The warning is covering use of = or ! with None. The fixer is invoked with the point on the line containing the warning or error. This is part of a system I’m building to support auto-correction of flake8 and pylint warnings in emacs. As the system matures I plan to host it on github so that others may also contribute to it.

Here is the actual fixer function with a utility function to get the string of the current line. A key to understanding what’s going on with the code is that lisp.function(arg) is the equivalent of (function arg) in elisp.

def get_line_string ():
    """Get the start, end and string of the line the point is on."""
    start = lisp.line_beginning_position()
    end = lisp.line_end_position()
    return start, end, lisp.buffer_substring(start, end)

def fixer_equals_none (unused_error, unused_errtext):
    start, end, line = get_line_string()
    newline = re.sub(r"==\s*None", r"is None", line)
    newline = re.sub(r"!=\s*None", r"is not None", newline)
    if newline != line:
        lisp.delete_region(start, end)

Obviously this function is invoked from somewhere else with the error number and text (e.g., E711 and E711: error text). The following is the code that does that.

fixers = {
    # ...
    "E711": fixer_equals_none,

def flymake_fix_current_line ():
    lineno = lisp.flymake_current_line_no()
    errinfo = lisp.flymake_err_info
    errlist = lisp.nth(0, lisp.flymake_find_err_info(errinfo.value(), lineno))
    menudata = lisp.flymake_make_err_menu_data(lineno, errlist)
    did_something = False
    #             caadr (x ((e1 e2 ...))) -> (e1 e2 ...)
    for errtxt in menudata[1][0]:
        if not errtxt:
            m = re.match(r"([EFW]\d+) .*", errtxt)
        except Exception as ex:
        if not m:
            print("nomatch on {}".format(errtxt))
        key =
        if key in fixers:
            did_something = True
            fixers[key](key, errtxt)
    if did_something:

interactions[flymake_fix_current_line] = ''

Finally we have the elisp code that binds a key to the dispatch function.

(pymacs-load "fixers" "fixers-")
(global-set-key "\C-c\C-\\" 'fixers-flymake-fix-current-line)

Hello, World

Welcome to my blog. I’ve decided to start a blog in order to have a place to post code snippets and other customizations that I’ve found useful. These will either be something I’ve personally created or collected from around the web.

I hope you find it useful.